Accreditation for Relationship Testing is voluntary in the United States. However, many state laws require AABB accreditation for any test reports to be used in legal proceedings.
DNA testing intended for visa, passport, and citizenship testing cases for the United States of America will be accepted only if the case is initiated directly between the petitioner and a facility that is accredited by AABB for relationship testing activities. U.S. Department of State Foreign Affairs Manual can be found at https://fam.state.gov/.
Yes, a director who has a doctoral degree in medical, biological, clinical laboratory science, or genetics and has at least 2 years of training or experience in relationship testing in an accredited laboratory or under the guidance of a laboratory director currently or previously employed in an accredited laboratory.
A technical leader qualified to the current FBI quality assurance standards for Forensic DNA testing laboratories and currently employed in a forensic lab accredited to those standards may serve as the AABB laboratory director in that lab under the RT Standards.
Often, smaller labs or labs seeking accreditation will contract with an off-site director to meet this qualification and give existing staff the necessary two-year training and experience.
The Laboratory Directory is not required to be physically located in the facility and may perform duties remotely. However, the Laboratory Director retains ultimate authority for the technical operations of the accredited facility.
No, an on-site laboratory is not required. The testing can be performed at another AABB accredited facility.
The majority of all relationship testing performed is for non-legal purposes – curiosity tests. A laboratory seeking accreditation should perform these non-legal cases following all the AABB standards for Relationship Testing, including a complete chain of custody, and then these cases may be submitted as representative cases for accreditation.
For a new laboratory seeking accreditation, the tests performed prior to completing the accreditation process and receiving their certificate, will not be accepted by immigration offices and most state court systems. So any cases that may be presented for court and all immigration cases should be referred to an AABB accredited laboratory.